TOP 15 Reasons for HARD LANDINGS! DON'T BLAME the first officer! Explained by CAPTAIN JOE

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Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel!
Today’s video will all be about hard/bumpy landings. 15 reasons why pilots once in a while land a little harder than usual.
Number 15:
Autoland landing
Autolands can sometimes end up in a harder landing than usual. In very foggy conditions with visibility values lower than what is consider to be flown manually(RVR minimum), pilots have to choose an auto land landing if there plane is equipped and certified for such an approach. The autopilot flies purely by numbers and received signals from the ground which can lead to a shortened flare, ending in a bumpy landing. A mishap showing that the autopilot only flies by the received signals is the Singapore airlines (check) landing at Munich airport, where the pilot disconnected the autopilot too late after landing, and the signal got disturb by another plane, leading to the Triple 777 to swerve off the runway.
Number 14:
Varying landing weight
Your first landing might be close to the maximum landing weight and the next might be with a nearly empty plane. Planes act completely different depending on their landing weight, which might be misjudged by the pilot and ruining his flare!
Number 13:
Different plane types
Some airline pilots are rated on multiple planes. For example when I flew for Airberlin, I was rated on the Airbus A319, 320, 321 and some colleagues even flew the A330 all within one week. Sometimes you switched between different types of aircraft in one day. Each of them flare and obviously weigh differently and can be the cause for a bumpy landing.
Number 12:
Different engine types
Some airlines have an A320 as example with IAE V2500, but in the same fleet others are fitted with CFM Leap engines. Upon flare, the engines react or spool up and down differently, timely speaking, which can lead to an unexpected long flare, a sudden drop in airspeed and bang, your next hard landing.
Number 11:
Density Altitude
When landing in Los Angeles for example with a 747, let’s say you have a ground speed on approach of 150 knots, times 5 equals = 750 feet per minute of descent rate on a 3 degree glideslope. Let’s fly the approach with the same landing weight into Mexico City with an airport elevation of 7300 feet, the air density is much lower, therefore your True Airspeed increases by 2% per 1000 feet, means 7 times 2% equals 14%, so 150 knots times 1.14 equals 171 knots. Let’s say 170 knots times 5 equals 850 feet per minute your descending on the 3 degree glideslope. So effectively 100 feet per minute 20 knots faster, if you don’t anticipate the higher descent rate, bang, harder landing then usual. The same applies for glide slopes which are steeper than normal which result in a higher descent rate!
I hope you enjoy the video and it’s been helpful to you!
Thank you very much for your time!
Wishing you all the best!
Your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
@Tyler H
@malaga airport productions
@Jeff K.
Intro Song:
Lounge - Ehrling:
Outro Song:
Joakim Karud & Dyalla - Wish you were here

Captain Joe
  • Joey Besong

    Joey Besong

    Саат мурун

    @3:47 I believe that is a 757! Also I love the videos I like hearing from fellow 747 drivers! Take care!

    • Joey Besong

      Joey Besong

      Саат мурун

      Yeah it is a 757. N595NW!

  • JustANormaldude


    9 саат мурун

    RyanAir be like: Write that down Write that down!

  • Jim Mork

    Jim Mork

    22 саат мурун

    The atmosphere makes smooth landings a big challenge. Smooth requires smooth descent.Wonderful when possible. A good landing is like winning the cheap lottery options.

  • Tiago Joao Canhola

    Tiago Joao Canhola

    Күн мурун

    at 3.48 we can see a B757 delta airlines but it says 767 above in yelow.

  • Hakinho FIFA

    Hakinho FIFA

    2 күн мурун

    5:16 what a butter 🙄

  • Hakinho FIFA

    Hakinho FIFA

    2 күн мурун

    Ryanair in the Intro was standard 🤣🤣

  • Eddie Rivera

    Eddie Rivera

    2 күн мурун

    Amazing!!! You are a very talented and knowledgeable pilot, Captain Joe. Thank you for sharing such an interesting topic. GBY Captain! 👍

  • Ryley Mclean

    Ryley Mclean

    2 күн мурун

    That was a 757-300 my friend, not a 767

  • LTH1615 Hei

    LTH1615 Hei

    2 күн мурун

    So Ryanair is due to the experience
    But why is it on all the planes?

  • amitrajit chattopadhyay

    amitrajit chattopadhyay

    3 күн мурун

    The RA callouts incident is really Dengerous..!! Suddenly there's the change in altitude and RA calling, bro you are in Negative altitude..!! BANG..!! 😂😂

  • Drima Chakraborty

    Drima Chakraborty

    3 күн мурун

    Tbh I've flown RyanAir from Berlin to Munich and back the next day but I slept through both landings and takeoffs and the entire flights so I have no complaints lmaoooooo

  • simon trucker

    simon trucker

    3 күн мурун

    Sure Joe, you can watch me reverse park a 46 tonne, 20m long Truck & Trailer, I've even had to park it on one side of a Barge through a central ramp. You're welcome😅
    Great video btw. Had the hardest landing I've ever experienced while flying into Dunedin, NZ, in late January. I was thinking the Pilot flying was on a promise and in a hurry to get to the Hotel, but this has opened up other possibilities☺

  • Ricky Aviation geek

    Ricky Aviation geek

    3 күн мурун

    I encounter some very hard landing

  • [FCClan]The Stranger

    [FCClan]The Stranger

    3 күн мурун

    When I HAVE to parallel park, I'll find a nice spot where I can ease into it. My brother can do it easily between other vehicles. I'll park farther away if I can find an easier way. :)

  • Larry Wax

    Larry Wax

    4 күн мурун

    Why aren’t all runways engineered to be completely level?

  • immortal soul

    immortal soul

    4 күн мурун

    So captain joe this calculation do pilots do in cockpit if yes plz reply then I can become a pilot it's average mathematics then

  • michael fujiwara

    michael fujiwara

    4 күн мурун

    How arrogant can you get? You say passengers can't say what they feel as a "hard-landing" UNLESS THEY CAN DO BETTER THAN THE PILOT??? So unless a passenger is better t han the pilot, the passenger can't say anything about the flight? What kind of thinking is that??? I'd like to ask the airline you're working with now if that's their "official policy" if the passenger is not a better pilot, the passenger should just sit there and keep quiet.

  • gredangeo


    4 күн мурун

    8:43 what is he saying here? Is it what I think it is? lol.

  • Romario Rodríguez

    Romario Rodríguez

    5 күн мурун

    Reason 16: You' re flying ryanair.

  • 00 00

    00 00

    5 күн мурун

    Meh. I do blame the F.O. whenever i feel the need. But i never voice it, rather i thank them and get on with my life. I've flown well over a thousand times, I've seen great crews and utter shat crews over the decades. I've flown soo many times that I have become very good at sizing up a Captain's or F.O's ability based on several factors. 1. how kept is the person? While they all have a dress etiquette, ones personal dress mannerisms can generally display more about a person than their uniform. 2. Age. When i see a young F.O. i know theres a much higher percentage of an interesting landing. And I've had some interesting touch downs. Never once given a bad eye to a Captain or F.O after a harsh landing, just thrilled they pulled it off safely. 3. Their hair. This is likely the most telling sign of whether or not you have an experienced pilot or someone middle of the road. You see a high & tight hair cut, He's either retired Air Force or Navy pilot. These guys based on my decades of flying experience have always been the best of the best, and personable to boot. Regardless, hard landing or not, I have always said thank you to any Pilot and F.O. upon landing if they've taken the time to scuttle out of the cockpit. It's not as simple as you may think. Imagine being responsible for 100-200-300+ lives and you know they're ALL trusting you can handle any situation that may arise. Theres pressure on these guys that we take for granted, on each & every flight.

  • Surfinturfin


    5 күн мурун

    Reason 1 - being a Ryanair pilot

  • Edwin Morgan

    Edwin Morgan

    5 күн мурун

    Told by a lightning pilot ... a landing is a controlled crash ! And if your plane is ok and you walk away from it it’s a good landing

  • Alayna Loetzel

    Alayna Loetzel

    5 күн мурун

    The defeated armchair biochemically phone because fender regretfully label since a enormous bit. empty, wide-eyed cherry

  • Talivus


    5 күн мурун

    8:43 im completely new to aviation so is that machine calling the pilot a "retard"???

  • BFG 10,000

    BFG 10,000

    5 күн мурун

    *(RyanAir comment)*

  • Sai Aakash

    Sai Aakash

    5 күн мурун

    Anyone watching while being on the plane ✈️

  • Shaina Irene Magno

    Shaina Irene Magno

    5 күн мурун

    This reminds me of how bad is Ryanair

  • audiocustoms


    5 күн мурун

    "any landing you can walk away from is a good landing"

  • Kaynos


    6 күн мурун

    No Ryanair comments. Bah party pooper.

  • macedk


    6 күн мурун

    NR.16 bad pilot ;)
    (all my sim landings are flawless) ;)

  • a s

    a s

    6 күн мурун

    its hilarious how people knowing nothing about flying, sit behind and judge a pilot's landing based purely upon how it "felt" on their butts.

  • Aviator Trucker

    Aviator Trucker

    6 күн мурун

    I have begun to fly from the right seat as I want to train to be an instructor. Let me tell you as a left-handed pilot used to flying in the left seat, the right seat is an entirely different feel on the side including the site picture. My landings although not bad are not as smooth in the right seat yet as they are in the left seat.

  • HyroDaily


    6 күн мурун

    That truck example, that will be rough no matter how many times you do it.

  • Francesco Longo

    Francesco Longo

    6 күн мурун

    he mention the applause at the end, is it normal to applaude after a landing? Me as an Italian always thought it was something rude that people who never fly do

  • Sirius Enigma

    Sirius Enigma

    6 күн мурун

    The first and only reason is GRAVITY. Otherwise, there are 2 type of landings: the ones that conform to expectations. And those that don’t.

  • 지지영선


    6 күн мурун

    The mellow television rarely reign because patio inversely satisfy failing a bawdy jaguar. brash, adamant furniture

  • 0virus00


    6 күн мурун

    I experienced a hard landing once landing in Berlin. We already had to wait in the plane before takeoff in Vienna because of bad weather in Berlin. We landed at crosswinds and it was really shaky. Scary as hell...

  • SlideTime


    6 күн мурун

    If I am too fatigued to get out of the seat after a 12 hour flight then a pilot should have all the rights to feel this way too and wake us all up with a little bump on the runway.

  • megathumper777


    6 күн мурун

    Yup.... 23 years in the air and you’ve nailed them all! Great video

  • Gary Davis

    Gary Davis

    6 күн мурун

    Once flying into Las Vegas, we had a "hard landing" with an immediate "fly around". As the Captain explained to us (the passengers) another plane was slow getting off the taxiway....

  • Paul Varn

    Paul Varn

    6 күн мурун

    You need to pay more attention to the audio volume uploaded to youtube. Just because it sounds loud on your speakers during editing, does not mean that will be the end result. Professional audio technicians use standards to judge for the correct levels, just like aircraft manufacturers, maintenance and pilots do. Speakers are rubber rulers.

  • Herr Unsinn

    Herr Unsinn

    6 күн мурун

    I remember years ago experiencing (what seemed like) a hard landing on a Southwest Airlines flight. After the bumpy landing, the head of the flight crew came on the intercom and she announced "That hard landing wasn't the pilot's fault. It wasn't the co-pilot's fault... but rather, it was the asphalt. (S.W. Airlines has always had a sense of humor.) 😅 😂 🤣

  • Myr Rosen

    Myr Rosen

    6 күн мурун

    The depressed box preliminarily play because fur routinely applaud to a learned pasta. nimble, warlike climb

  • Armando Villalta

    Armando Villalta

    6 күн мурун

    @Captain Joe said no bad comments so: 12:08 Congratulations Ryan Air for the first soft landing.

  • The 747 Is not dead

    The 747 Is not dead

    6 күн мурун

    Everybody gangsta until A330 lands hard...

  • Darren Scroggins

    Darren Scroggins

    6 күн мурун

    As a business traveler for the past decade, I've had more than my fair share of landings. Primarily in the B737 air frame (thank you Southwest Airlines!).
    If it was a smooth landing, I know that my pilot was trained by the US Air Force. A "hard" landing - they are a "Naval Aviator" who is looking to drag a tailhook.
    p.s. Go Air Force!!!

  • Péter Balogh

    Péter Balogh

    6 күн мурун

    I see, so if you buy a cone of ice cream, and it tastes like sh1t, you should not say a thing, just smile like it is the best cone of your life, because you cannot make a better ice cream.
    If you land better than I do, it does not make you a good pilot, it just means that you are a pilot. If you land bumpy, you f-ed it up, stop that hypocrisy, I enjoy your videos, but please...

  • mpe


    6 күн мурун

    I have no idea why I like watching these, I'm not a pilot but I find all the details fascinating.

  • Zieji


    6 күн мурун

    I once had a landing in Dubai in the evening that I didn't even feel or realize was completed. It was one of the most amazing flying experiences, so cool.
    Still thinking about it about 10 years later

  • ScrotusXL


    7 күн мурун

    Reason number 1. You are a Ryan Air pilot, standard flight training practice 🤣

  • johnrtrucker


    7 күн мурун

    I can parallel park a loaded semi with my eyes closed in any weather or time of day BUT when i get into my pick-up i gotta relearn shifting parking and maneuvering with such a short wheel base 😂😂 i 100000% agree with you joe! And also some days i can one short blindside back into a dock with ease other days i couldnt get it in to save my life! I have great days and off my game days im sure pilots have to deal with that as well lol!

  • Adrian Miller

    Adrian Miller

    7 күн мурун

    I fly gliders; No we can't 'always go around'

  • Vrodboy


    7 күн мурун

    Back in 1970's the passenger plane I was on was landing at Lindbergh Field in San Diego, we landed really hard and later I heard rumors the pilots "broke" the plane....whatever than means

  • Semity


    7 күн мурун

    Should passengers be sleeping still during landing? 01:01. I don't think so.

  • CheapSpeed Media

    CheapSpeed Media

    7 күн мурун

    Does the autoland feature use the ils system

  • Frank Bruno

    Frank Bruno

    7 күн мурун

    Thank you Captain Joe.. I enjoyed this and learned a lot. I supervised a small airport in northern Colorado and was always surprised at the level of preparation the pilots put in.. be well, Frank

  • eduardoig17


    7 күн мурун

    I already drive my car with the seat in the lowest possible setting lol so no change for me

  • Hugh Martell

    Hugh Martell

    7 күн мурун

    A sign you've experienced a hard landing: all your teeth fillings are now on the floor.

  • Jerry L

    Jerry L

    7 күн мурун

    So it's all basically human error and these are 15 of them!

  • Matteo


    7 күн мурун

    I tell ya, I'm dead scared to fly since ages. BUT since I started watching and enjoying your videos I'm no longer so scared and I'm keen to give a try to a flight travel.. Thank you. Really, I mean it.

  • bepowerification


    7 күн мурун

    12:54 damn that looked turbulent.. I rarely fly and if I had to experience this landing I would wait a looong time before getting on an airplane again.

  • steve talbert

    steve talbert

    8 күн мурун

    I was on a 737 from BNA to Denver and then on to SFO, the pilot circled at Denver due to setting up for a landing due to a cross wind. I thought the wing tip was going to hit the runway! He did an excellent job.! Southwest Airlines has some great Pilots.

  • bob's biscuit

    bob's biscuit

    8 күн мурун

    "Don't be that passenger"
    Too late, haha! My go-to is usually "Well, he found [City name]!"
    Yeah, I've also heard hard-landing pilots being called this, didn't think the plane itself would be saying it as well, lol.

  • rparker069


    8 күн мурун

    Qantas landing brief: make it as comfortable as the situation allows
    Ryanair landing brief: plane in air, don't want it to be

  • Philip Boyle

    Philip Boyle

    8 күн мурун

    Ryan Air, the worst airline I've ever flown with. Suck it up Joe.

  • Gary Keyes

    Gary Keyes

    8 күн мурун

    Cap, thanks for this channel! I love flying and I've been a lifelong flight enthusiast (on my bucket list is get a pilot's license--lol). My and friends who are afraid to fly I always direct them to your channel. Good Job!!

  • Hagen Deike

    Hagen Deike

    8 күн мурун

    @Captain Joe: Do pilots still crave applause after landing, or is it just another day at the job?

  • S0ar1ng3agl3


    8 күн мурун

    Any landing you can walk away from is a good landing.
    Any landing you can walk away from AND still use the plane is a great one.



    8 күн мурун

    the voice sounds like it saying "Retard" I took it as a funny thing

  • Adone Borione

    Adone Borione

    8 күн мурун

    I have always felt a bit panicky about flying and it looks like I will stay that way.

  • Hedera Helix

    Hedera Helix

    8 күн мурун

    A hard landing reduces the forward speed by translating its energy into the suspension of the gear and is mostly suitable for shortened runways or when having damaged flaps, where you naturally have a slight overspeed, that you need to eliminate, to not overheat the breaks afterwards, which in itself might cause a fire.

  • Greg Warner

    Greg Warner

    8 күн мурун

    Running out of airspeed, altitude and ideas simultainously.

  • Hafiy Nifail

    Hafiy Nifail

    8 күн мурун

    I know why he said “don’t blame the first officer” because he is the first officer....

  • Rebecca Panella

    Rebecca Panella

    8 күн мурун

    There’s some things that are just out of the pilot’s control

  • SKM


    8 күн мурун

    2:47 why you’re here

  • Mike Burns

    Mike Burns

    8 күн мурун

    Everybody knows that hard landings are the fault of the mechanic that changed the seat belt on 34D.

  • Thomas Gaines

    Thomas Gaines

    8 күн мурун

    As a flight instructor in small general aviation airplanes, I find it easier to control in a strong cross wind. I still approach in a crab but over the numbers I find it no problem, for instance, in a left cross wind , to straighten out with right rudder and left aileron to control the drift. I'm not worried about knocking an engine off of the wing. If the wind changes, I can do a little dance. If I think my feet point the nose and my hands stop the drift, I can usually get a smooth touch down or go around if I don't like it with immediately available power. It's a straight wing airplane. No swept wing issues.. .
    On the Airbus 320 are you in danger of scraping an engine with that technique? I'm sure that the passengers might feel the dance in a long fuselage more than I do sitting on the vertical, lateral and longitudinal axis.

  • Landlock beachbum

    Landlock beachbum

    8 күн мурун

    As Captain Dan tells me after a hard landing it wasn’t the pilots fault it wasn’t the airlines fault it was the asphalt!

  • neville


    8 күн мурун

    I remember flying BA from Edinburgh to LHR. The weather was fantastically stormy the plane was delayed and they were unsure whether to try. The flight was challenging. When we got to LHR the pilot explained that he would need to approach at an angle to the runway and if successful would perform a hard landing pivoting the plane as it hit the tarmac. Wow it was fantastic placing the plane down firmly, pivoting and doing a fantastic job.
    On another occasion I was flying on a Nimrod. The pilot approached at 90° to the runway, did a 270° turn and landing on the runway at the end of his turn. It was fun but I'm not sure that those in the Tower were happy.
    Was the landing from over the sea Madera?

  • Ernst Hobbit

    Ernst Hobbit

    8 күн мурун

    Music off please

  • Tangent


    8 күн мурун

    Sorry, I'm going to mention Ryanair because you said not to. Suck it, Ryanair.

  • PanHowie


    8 күн мурун

    good landing - when you can get out of the aircraft by yourself
    great landing - when the aircraft can be use again

  • J


    9 күн мурун

    can you address the lateral swaying upon landing - is there a computer system to help to offset the severe lateral swaying and how severe of lateral swaying can the landing gear system withstand. With the speed of the plane upon landing and the lateral swaying given the mass of the jumbo jets, it seems that there must be huge amount of stress put upon the landing gear. If you have covered this already please point me to your link. Thanks ....

  • HKGuns


    9 күн мурун

    The hardest landing I've ever experienced was flying into SFO. I commented to the pilots while exiting they must have been practicing their carrier landing. It was absolutely jarring, but to a novice, that airport looks like a difficult place to land and may have contributed.

  • Lewis Tallon

    Lewis Tallon

    9 күн мурун

    Alternative title: 15 reasons for Ryan Airs Terrible Landings

  • SaftSchinken23


    9 күн мурун

    I nearly always park in the lowest position of the seat, otherwise I'd have to break my neck driving some cars xD

  • SaftSchinken23


    9 күн мурун

    I'd love to see how a hard landing test looks with a 747 if it's like the test shown in this video it might look funny xD

  • Wendal Jr

    Wendal Jr

    9 күн мурун

    Notice the plane in the very first clip LOL. I can say that I experienced such landings with them before.

  • sukalanger


    9 күн мурун

    Did we land or were we shot down?



    10 күн мурун

    im a semitruck driver, wish i was a pilot

  • Jon Thomson

    Jon Thomson

    10 күн мурун

    Might add to that weight and balance problems and ground crew failing to lock in containers that shift.
    I would suspect it's not as common an occurrence now but many times back in the DC 10 days it happened far too often.
    If a pilot believes he has a certain amount of weight in a compartment and its not there or there is too much weight, he'll be as surprised as the passengers when comes down hard.

  • Alex Grant

    Alex Grant

    10 күн мурун

    Back in 2004/2005 i had a pretty heavy landing in Prestwick airport. The pilot tried to land and done a go-around because the wind and rain was bad, he told us the next landing would be to use his words "there will be a bit of a bump folks"

  • Verdun Luck

    Verdun Luck

    10 күн мурун

    OK, I'll give you reasons 1 and 2, but the others are really just excuses, you should be able to cope.

  • Urban Major

    Urban Major

    10 күн мурун

    Woher kommen die x5?



    10 күн мурун

    Southwest Airlines pilots are notorious for hard landings

  • dwarfer777


    10 күн мурун

    “dont complain unless you can prove you can do it better” - i didnt sign up for his job. so i just flawed your logic on them arguments

  • Gadac


    10 күн мурун

    Well there I was on some fine sunday afternoon
    Just me and my airplane
    On a little airpot we've never been to before
    We're on short final and nothing was looking right
    I was seeing red over red, white over white
    And I couldn't seem to remember how that saying went anyway but
    I was staring straight down at the runway
    And all I could think of was about setting myself up
    To ungraciously dismantle this perfectly good little airplane.
    And, and then off in the distance I heard a voice
    And I think it was that of my flight instructor saying

    "You can always go around"

  • Finn Durston

    Finn Durston

    10 күн мурун


  • Nyctis


    10 күн мурун

    It's not a hard landing if the masks don't drop in the back. :p

  • B Kailua

    B Kailua

    10 күн мурун

    As of 2/25/21 in 4 days I will have been flying 50 years since my first solo flight. With over 30 years of that in airliners. No 1 reason for a hard landing is "not your day" :)